نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 استادیارگروه علوم تربیتی، مدیریت آموزش عالی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلام واحد اسلامشهر، تهران، ایران
2 استادگروه آموزش عالی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران
3 دانشیارگروه آموزش عالی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: The necessity of university is to train specialized human resources for the coming years, to conduct research on problems, innovation and creativity to solve problems, to play a leading role in scientific and cultural affairs, to communicate with scientific developments in the world and to transfer scientific and technological knowledge to the country. In this regard, the creation of financial resources and scientific co-existence is an undeniable necessity. In order to achieve this important goal, it is necessary to have a strategic model. Hence, the present study aims to provide a model for creating innovation capacity in Iranian university management.
Materials and Methods: The research was conducted with a mixed approach (qualitative and quantitative). The research method was applied in terms of purpose and survey in terms of descriptive nature. The statistical population of the study consists of 248 heads, vice chancellors for research and technology, education, outstanding faculty and experts in higher education. Using the stratified random sampling method in proportion to the proportion and using the Cochran's formula, 212 people were selected. The data collection tool was a 106-item questionnaire whose validity was confirmed through interviews with 17 higher education experts. The reliability of the questionnaire was obtained using Cronbach's α method equal to 0.88. In order to analyze the data in the qualitative part, the coding method (derived from the data theory) was used, and finally the validity of the questionnaire was determined by compiling a questionnaire and using the Delphi method. To analyze quantitative data, Clemogrov Smirnov statistical tests were used to assess the normality of the data; confirmatory factor analysis was used to determine the validity of tools and structural equation models for pattern testing, and so on.
Discussion and Conclusion: The results show that "organizational organization and structure", "organizational processes" and "resources and equipment" as components and "organizational culture", "human capital management", "leadership and strategic knowledge management", "Scientific education and promotion" and "research and technology" have been identified as factors influencing innovation. Accordingly, in order to be in line with global changes, universities need to be prepared as a scientific, educational and research reference in the field of leadership and education. In addition, training and professional development of system leaders (faculty members), redesign of university processes, providing a platform for hardware and software, smoothing management challenges by empowering managers, explaining operational mechanisms to develop and improve conditions , Forming and activating a staff committee in the university to initiate, guide, support and continue innovation, utilizing all facilities of the university, especially faculty members to develop a culture of innovation, considering separate credits and budgets for implementing innovation activities, providing grounds Increasing the independence of the management of university units to implement ideas and sell scientific products to strengthen the financial strength of the university is one of the most important measures that university administrators must take constantly to take steps towards sustainable development.