نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی، مدرس دانشگاه پیام نور دلفان
2 استادیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study aims at comparing the entrepreneurship factors among the fourth grade high school students in Delfan in the academic year of 1393- 94. The research method is descriptive and the research population includes all senior high school students in theoretical (n=548) technical and professional (n=240) and applied (n=125) disciplines. According to the chorines test, the numbers of 109, 51, and 36 were respectively selected for the research sample out of each center through simple random sampling. To collect the data researcher made questionnaires based on McClelland (1963) and Holt (2002) were used.The instruments include the scales of motivation to progress, independence, and tendency to creativity risk taking, in eternal control, ambiguity tolerance, team work, and foresight. The content validity of the questionnaire was affirmed by experts. In addition to estimate the internal consistency among the questions, Chronbachs’alpha was used. The results were analyzed through one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Findings indicated that there is a significant difference between the entrepreneurship factors among the students of the three disciplines. The least difference belonged to the students in the theoretical and technical and professional branches, and there was significant difference between the students of these two branches in the factors of risk taking, independence, team work and foresight but there was not a significant difference in factors of motivation to progress, tendency to creativity, internal controls and ambiguity tolerance. The highest level of difference belonged to the applied branch. Also this branch had the highest score of the entrepreneurship factors.