Model of Educational Technology to Enhance Students’ Learning: Application of Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) Approach

Document Type : Scientific - Research


1 Graduate of Educational Technology, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Arak University, Arak, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Arak University, Arak, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Arak University, Arak, Iran


Objectives: The use of educational technologies has the power to facilitate interaction between students, parents, and teachers and it helps to expand learning beyond the school. This can be a way to increase student learning in the education system, but how to use this technology and the impact of each method is largely unclear. This study aimed to present an applied model of educational technologies to increase students' learning with the help of structural-interpretive modeling.
Materials and Methods: This research is an applied one in terms of purpose. The statistical population is 10 working experts in the field of education who have at least 10 years of work experience or research in the field of education who have been selected by purposive sampling. To determine the reliability of the measuring instrument, the ICC coefficient value was approved in terms of compatibility and absolute agreement. An interpretive structural modeling approach using MATLAB software was used to analyze the data.
Discussion & Conclusion: Based on the results of this research, the factors of using virtual classrooms, 3D printing, museums of science and technology, and virtual reality concerning the research topic are more effective. In contrast; smartphones for learning, electronic tools (gadgets), use of educational games, updated computer tools, updating facilities based on ICT and the Internet have the most impact and the least effectiveness. Also, the two variables, the use of online social media and learning with the help of digital libraries, have both the same impact power and effectiveness. Findings show that learning with the help of digital libraries is the closest factor to the strategic line, so it is the most strategic research variable that needs more attention from managers of educational systems to invest in the future. According to the results, it can be said that the use of educational materials and media, the use of regular educational design, correct and principled evaluation by teachers in the teaching process increases students' learning.


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