Identifying and Presenting the Model of Barriers and Challenges of International Interactions of Faculty Members of Tabriz University

Document Type : Scientific - Research


1 Teacher / Education

2 Associate Professor of Educational Administration, Department of Educational Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Educational Administration, Department of Educational Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz



Objective: One of the ways of scientific dynamism in any country and scientific development of higher education and faculty members of any university in the world is the international interactions of faculty members. The purpose of this study is to identify the barriers and challenges of international interactions among faculty members of Tabriz University to provide a model for these barriers and challenges.
Materials and Methods: This research was done using a qualitative approach by conventional content analysis method using MAXQDA 2018 software. Participants in this study were 15 faculty members of Tabriz University, selected by systematic sampling method using snowball technique. After semi-structured interviews with the participants, these interviews continued until the data saturation was reached; then, the researcher did the open coding, and after that, the axial coding was done in two steps until the main categories were identified. The validity of these interviews was assessed using two strategies of analysis and review by participants and review by research colleagues.
Discussion and Conclusion: The analysis results of this study showed that the identified barriers and challenges of international interactions have four main dimensions, including individual barriers and challenges, organizational barriers and challenges, national barriers and challenges, and transnational barriers and challenges. Results showed that individual barriers and challenges included three components ( low motivation of faculty members to have international interactions, insufficient mastery of faculty members in an international language and weakness of scientific-research abilities and skills of faculty members),organizational barriers consisted of four components (inadequate support of university structure from international interactions of faculty members, insufficient support of university culture from international interactions of faculty members, insufficient financial support of university from international interactions of faculty members, weakness of expert human resources in different organizational sections), national barriers and challenges included three elements (cultural, social, economic, and scientific components), and transnational barriers and challenges had two elements (political obstacles and international sanctions). The proposed model can be used as a basis for identifying, acting and evaluating to remove barriers and challenges to international interactions of faculty members for the relevant authorities to increase those interactions.


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