Systematic Review of Faculty Members' Attitudes toward ICT Application in Education in Iranian Universities

Document Type : Scientific - Research


1 PhD student in Curriculum Development, Department of Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfehan, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.


Objective: The purpose of the present study is to conduct a systematic review of studies and researches conducted by faculty members on the application of information and communication technology in education during the period 2002-2016. And it answers the basic question of what features did the research have? What has been the attitude of the professors during this period? And identifying the factors that influence attitudes. The present study also sought to provide a comprehensive picture of the landscape of these studies.
Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive-analytical descriptive study in which the qualitative and quantitative analysis of past research has been discussed in terms of topics such as the thematic contribution of articles, research methods, attitudes and trends. In this study, according to the purpose of the study, a systematic review method was used.  The statistical population of this study consists of articles published in journals and indexed in Magiran, Normagas, Sid, Google databases. In this regard, using the information available on the Internet and internal databases such as Magiran, Normagas, Sid, Google and the Comprehensive Humanities Portal Keywords Keywords: attitude, beliefs, beliefs, information and communication technology, technology Education, computers, computers, the Internet, mobile technology, e-learning, professors and faculty were searched. Then, the obtained articles were divided into two related and non-related categories. Out of 145 articles, 39 articles were excluded after excluding unrelated articles. Finally, among these, 30 articles met the inclusion criteria and were evaluated. This article is a descriptive review and also a systematic review of 30 researches in Iran. To evaluate the reliability of the systematic review of the articles, two experts were examined.
Result and Discussion: Findings indicate that the attitude towards technology use has a significant share. The most common methods in terms of purpose, information gathering and implementation methods regarding the role of attitude in technology application were descriptive, quantitative and quantitative respectively. Eisen and Fishen's Theory of Planned Behavior The theory observed is one of the theories and theories used in the papers. Driving factors and incentives also create a favorable attitude towards technology. The systematic review findings also showed that there is a significant relationship between attitude and technology use. In addition, teachers' attitudes toward technology use in recent years have tended to be slightly negative. The findings of this study indicate that the variables of educational degree, academic rank, and faculty are the influencing factors on faculty members' attitude towards technology.Faculty members 'attitudes play an important and undeniable role in improving technology utilization, but according to the results of this study, professors' attitude towards technology is negatively affected.Therefore, better awareness of attitudinal process will lead to understanding the factors and reasons for negative attitude of faculty members and increasing and improving their use of information and communication technology.


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