The Realization of Equal Educational Opportunities in Tehran Elementary Schools Based On the Law of Fifth National Development Plan

Document Type : Scientific - Research


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Methods & Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor of Strategic Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.

3 Master of Science in Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.


Objective: In order to realize the development document of the country, the education system needs to have a clear understanding of the ideal human being for the educational system and the need for establishing educational justice. Achieving education with an equal approach to educational opportunities and equity can be considered as a goal or as a means of achieving the long-term goal of social and economic equality. The issue of educational justice and its realization is a fundamental issue throughout the world and plays an important and significant role in the growth and development of countries and the improvement of human equality and excellence. Therefore, this research studies the realization of equal educational opportunities in the elementary school of Tehran based on the law of the fifth development plan of the country.
Materials and Methods: The research method was the Grounded Theory method (Strauss Corbin method). The participants in this study were specialists, experts, policymakers and executives of the Ministry of Education, Tehran Education and the Plan and Budget Organization. According to the main purpose of the study, the snowball sampling method was used. Due to the data saturation in the present study, the sample size was 15 persons. The data collection tool was a semi-structured interview form with ten main questions. The validity of this interview was confirmed by face and content validity using the opinions of 5 experts in the field of education. The reliability of the instrument has also been verifiable. In this regard, an expert has reviewed and confirmed the raw data obtained along with the researcher. Findings were analyzed by using the inductive method and Maxqda software.
Discussion & Conclusion: Findings indicate weaknesses in respect of equal rights, weakness of textbooks with different cultures, languages and ethnicities, access to equitable gender equality educational opportunities, weaknesses in achieving appropriate education for survivors, weaknesses in teaching literature by ethnicity, weaknesses in standards for student-teacher ratio, weaknesses in student-to-student ratio, inequality in skilled human resources, inequality in funding, lack of development education. Therefore, paying special attention to practical solutions by providing professionals and practitioners with fair educational opportunities in the elementary schools of Tehran based on the Fifth Development Plan Act is essential and increasing the utilization of specialists and experts in the realization of fair educational opportunities, who are sufficiently familiar with the law of the fifth development plan of the country. On the other hand, paying special attention to linguistic, ethnic and religious differences in the city of Tehran, taking into account the special textbooks for each district, the openness of the educational system and schools to the relevant media, institutions and organizations. In order to contribute to the realization of fair educational opportunities for elementary school students under the Fifth Development Plan Act of the country, as well as working with NGOs to organize classes on ethnic, cultural, working and school-leaving children. Towards the realization of fair educational opportunities in Tehran elementary school based on the law of the fifth development plan of the country Make the country productive.


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