Possibility of having E-learning in high schools of rural and nomadic areas in Lorestan province.

Document Type : Scientific - Research


1 Information Technology Expert, Jaber bin Hayyan Student Research Center, Boroujerd, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Management & Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.


Objective: Virtual training (electronic) as one of newfound developments of information and communication is a powerful tool for improving quality and efficiency of training. This research studies the possibilities of rural and nomadic schools to answer the question of whether a virtual education system can be set up for nomadic and rural students.This study has been performed with the aim of the feasibility of the establishment of virtual training in the framework of six components including hardware infrastructure, software infrastructure, cultural activities, electronic content, financial resources and support system, and specialized human power in high school of rural and nomadic areas in Lorestan province.
Materials and methods: In this study, descriptive-survey research method has been utilized. Statistical society consists of 1223 teachers, FAVA (Information and communication technology) experts and scopes of high school of rural and nomadic areas in Lorestan province, of which 292 persons were chosen by Morgan table. The information collection tool was researchist-made questionnaire.
Data Analysis was performed on two levels of descriptive and inferential statistics, and also confirmatory factor analysis was done by SMARTPLS2.
Discussion and result: Our findings showed that the studied society is ready to deploy virtual training in terms of software and hardware infrastructures. However, it is not possible to establish virtual training with respect to moderately specialized manpower, cultural activities, financial resources and support system and electronic content. Eventually, according to the terms it is not feasible to deploy virtual training in high school of rural and nomadic areas in Lorestan province.


Abas, Z.W., Kaur, K. & Harun, H. (2004). E-learning Readiness in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur A: Join Study by the Ministry of Energy, Water and Communications (MEWC), Malaysia and Open University Malaysia (OUM).
Abdolvahabi M; Mehralizadeh Y; Parsa A. (2016). A study of barriers of implementation of smart schools in in Ahwaz Girls secondary schools from the views of Teacher sand principles. Journal of Educational SciencesVol 23(1), 55-80. (In Persian)
Adib Y, Soleymanirad L, Azimi M. (2015)The Impact of School Intelligence on Interacting with ICT Attitude on Promoting Learning Teaching Process and Academic Self-Efficacy. Journal Management System. Vol 6(21), 21-42. (In Persian)
Afzalkhani M, Shariatmadari M, Adibi M. (2010). Feasibility of Implementation of Virtual Education System in High Schools of Semnan Province. Educational Leadership and Management. Vol 4(3), 9-30. (In Persian)
Ahmed Younis Alsabawy, Aileen Cater-Steel , Jeffrey Soar.(2016). Determinants of perceived usefulness of e-learning systems. Computers in Human Behavior. Vol 64, 843- 858.
Alhoseini H, Hoseini A, Arabani Dana A. (2006). Proceedings of Distance Education. Tehran: Institute of Distance Education. (In Persian)
Aydin CH, Tasci D. (2005). Measuring readiness for e-learning: Reflections from an emerging country. Educ Technol Soc. Vol 8 (4), 57- 244.
Azadmanesh N, Fathivajargah K. (2005).Feasibility of Applying New Information and Communication Technology in Higher Education Planning from the Faculty's Perspective. M.Sc., Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University. (In Persian)
Beyranvand A, Seyf M. (2010). The Impact of Technology on the Educational System of Schools. Institute of Information Science and Technology. Vol 26(1), 183-193. (In Persian)
Dimitrios A. Georgakellos and Aristomenis M. Macris. (2009). Application of the Semantic Learning Approach in the Feasibility Studies Preparation Training Process. Information Systems Management, Vol 26, 231–240.
Ebadi R. (2005). Information Technology and Education. Tehran, Second Edition, Smart Schools Publication. (In Persian)
GHasemzd A. (2005). Investigating the use of modern educational media; identifying their problems and obstacles from the point of view of the officials and teachers of the Department of EducationJournal Management System, Vol 6(23), 145-163. (In Persian)
Gladun , A. Rogushina , J.(2008). An application of intelligent techniques and semantic web technologies in e-learning environments. AnInternational Journal, Vol 36 , Issue 2, Pages 1922- 1931.
Grison DR, Anderson T. (2002).  E-learning in the 21st century (the theoretical and scientific). Zarei Zavaraki E, Safaei Movahhed S, translators. Tehran: Oloom Fonoon Publication. (In Persian)
HerWu, J. Tennyson, R. HsiaT and Liao Y. (2008).Analysis of E-learning innovation and core capability using a hypercube model. Computers inHuman Behavior. Vol 24(5), 1851- 1866.
Javadipor M, Kazempor S. (2012). Investigating the Effective Barriers to Information and Communication Technology in Student Research for Postgraduate Students of Shahid Beheshti University. Journal of Management and Planning in Educational Systems. Vol 5(9), 143- 163. (In Persian)
Javier Gil-Flores , Javier Rodríguez-Santero , Juan-Jesús Torres-Gordillo. (2017). Factors that explain the use of ICT in secondary-education classrooms: The role of teacher characteristics and school infrastructure. Computers in Human BehaviorVol 68, 441–449
Javier Gil-Flores, et al. (2017). Factors that explain the use of ICT in secondary-education classrooms: The role of teacher characteristics and school infrastructure. Computers in Human BehaviorVol 68 441–449.
Jerman, B. & Klobucar T. (2005). Privacy provision in e-learning standardized systems: status and improvements. Computer Standards &Interfaces.Vol 27(6), 561-578.
Johnson, R. Hornik, S and Salas, E.(2007). An empirical examination of factors contributing to the creation of successful e-learning environments.Computers and Education .Vol 66 (5), 356-369.
Karimi B, Soltani A, Nozohuori R. (2014)Feasibility Study of Mobile Learning Based Learning in University (Case Study of Payam Noor University of Bukan). Journal of Education and Evaluation, Vol 7(38), 11-25. (In Persian)
Kashi M, Agahiyan K. (2009). Dialogue interactive education plan using country data network in rural and tribal areas. Second E-Learning Conference. (In Persian)
Keshavarzi M. (2013). Feasibility Study of Establishing E-Learning in the Faculty of Educational Sciences and Islamic Azad Psychology of Marvdasht Branch in 2012. Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences, Vol 4(1), 20-27. (In Persian)
Kharazi K, Esfandiari Moghadam. (2010). Designing and Providing Theory Model for Teaching Agriculture as Electronic Learning. Researching Agriculture Teaching Management Journal,  Vol 34
Kheyrandish M. (2011). Feasibility pattern of executing virtual educationScientific Journal of Educational Strategies in Medical Sciences,Vol 4(3), 137- 143. (In Persian)
Koo, A. C. (2008). Factors affecting teachers’ perceived readiness for online collaborative learning: A case study in Malaysia. Educational Technology & Society, Vol 11(1), 266-278.
Kourd M, Omidian F. (2014). Feasibility of Implementing Mobile Learning Based Learning in Islamic Azad Universities and Payam-e Noor North of Khuzestan Province. First National Conference on Psychology and Educational Sciences. (In Persian)
Manuela A., Fernando B., Tiago O. (2016). Cultural impacts on e-learning systems' success. Internet and Higher Education, Vol 31, 58–70.
Manuela Aparicio, Fernando Bacao, Tiago Oliveira. (2017). Grit in the path to e-learning success. Computers in Human Behavior, Vol 66 ،388-399.
Masoumi D, Masoumi B. (2013)Cultural and educational infrastructure in designing and implementing electronic learning environment. Biennial Journal of Management and Planning in Educational Systems, Vol.6 (10), 27- 47. (In Persian)
Mirsaidi G,  Yaghoubi M. (2014). Identifying the Effective Factors on Achievement of Smart Schools by Review of the Status Quo and Problems in Smarts SchoolsJournal of Educational and Management Studies J. Educ. Manage. Stud, Vol 4 (2),386-390.
Mitchell Parkesa, SarahSteinb, ChristineReadinga. (2015). Student preparedness for university e-learning environments. The Internet and Higher Education, Vol 25, 1-10.
Mohajeran B, Ghalei A, Hamze Robati M. (2013)The main reasons for the lack of proper formation of smart schools and ways to develop them in Mazandaran province (from the viewpoints of ICT managers and experts). Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences. Vol 4 (2), 13- 23. (In Persian)
Moradi M., Dalilian N., Khodashenas H. (2016). Implementation and Assessment of Smart Schools in Guilan Province: Identifying the Effective Factors. Journal Management SystemVol 6(24), 93-114. (In Persian)
Mutiaradevi, R. (2009). Measuring E-Learning Readiness in the Forestry Researchand Developm Agency of Indonesia .Retrieved from http://researcharchive.vuw.ac.nz/handle/10063/1067.
Sadat Nabavi Jafari, N., Feizi, S.(2014). Identification and evaluation of effective factors on the attitude of high school girl students in Tehran city towards the factors of smart schools. Applied mathematics in Engineering, Management and Technology, Vol 2 (6),192-203.
Sadik, A. (2007). The readiness of faculty members to develop and implement ELearning:The case of an Egyptian university. International Journal of ELearning, Vol 6Issue 3, 433-453.
Salimi J, Ramezani GH. (2015). Identification of smart components of schools and evaluation of secondary schools in Sanandaj based on those components. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences Vol 6, Issue 2, Pages 41-61. (In Persian)
Sharifi M, Faghihi, A. (2013).Evaluation of e-learning project in high schools for girls, principals, and students in Douk Arak and its improvement strategies. Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences, Vol 4(2), 24-32. (In Persian)
Sheikhain A, AliAbadi K, Roein L, Hooshmandja M. (2015).Feasibility study of e-Learning project at Lorestan university of medical sciences from the viewpoint of faculty members, students. managers and executive staff in 2012-13. Yafte, Vol 16 (4), 5-17. (In Persian)
Y. Zhu, Z. Nie, S. Zhang, and S. Chen. (2011). Analysis on Research Framework of Corporate E-learning.  ProcediaEnvironmental Sciences, vol 11, 525-529.
Yengin, D & et al. (2010). Roles of teachers in e-learning: How to engage students & amp; how to get free e-learning and the future. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences,vol 2, 5775-5787.