Extraction and Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Development of the School Principals Based on the Competency Approach

Document Type : Scientific - Research


1 PhD student in Educational Management, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Damavand Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Damavand Branch, Tehran, Iran


Objective: The importance of training school principals based on managerial competencies is a necessity in the 21st century. Based on this, the current research was carried out to identify and evaluate the components of treatment on the development of school principals concerning the competency approach in schools.s
Materials and Methods: The research approach is mixed exploratory (qualitative-quantitative). In the qualitative part, the statistical population included 22 comprehensive academic experts and education specialists; in the quantitative part, it included all the secondary school principals (second period) of Tehran, totaling 723 people; by using a simple random sampling method, the number of 251 people were selected. Interviews and questionnaires were used to collect data. The data analysis was done in the qualitative part by the Grounded theory method and in the quantitative part by descriptive and inferential methods.s
Discussion and Conclusion: The results showed that the components of resources, organizational requirements, development of managers, and talent management were identified as adequate dimensions and components of the development of school principals based on the competency approach in secondary schools of Tehran city. Also, the causal factors affect the competency-based development of managers, including talent management under concepts such as Talent theory, flexibility of training and development programs, talent selection and talent acquisition, talent evaluation and discovery, talent development, training, and retention; the development of school principals under concepts such as the cognitive development of them, aligning the selection and appointment of managers with organizational strategies and missions, professional guidance in the organization, empowerment and proper organization in line with core competence and creativity; organizational requirements under concepts such as top management's support for core competence, organization's support for core competence, recruitment and merit selection, organizational maturity and participation of managers and resources in the sense of allocating sufficient financial and material resources for merit selection and meritocracy, centers of evaluations, experienced human resources, competent managers and leaders. General reasons for the importance and priority of providing and keeping talent.


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