A Framework for the Key Competencies of Future Learning

Document Type : Scientific - Research


1 Postdoctoral of Higher Education Management Studies Department, Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Higher Education Management Studies, Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education, Tehran, Iran


Objectives: Competence-based education focuses on the ability of students to develop important
knowledge, values, aptitudes, and attitudes necessary to address complex issues they would encounter in their future personal lives and professional careers. The purpose of this study was to provide a framework for developing key competencies required of learners in educational systems.sy
Materials and Methods:  This study was carried out with a qualitative research method. The key cognitive, behavioral, and social competencies of learners were identified and the conceptual framework of futures-thinking competencies was depicted by conducting semi-structured interviews with 26 academic researchers selected through purposive sampling (Snowball or Chain) and qualitative content analysis method. To validate qualitative findings, participant review strategies and reviewers' strategies have been used.e 
Discussion and Conclusion: Based on the analysis of semi-structured interview data in two stages of open and axial coding, a total of sixteen subcategories and two main categories were identified as the main cognitive, behavioral, and social competencies of learners. In other words, six indicators including problem-solving, critical thinking, creativity, self-knowledge, critical rethinking, and self-correction as cognitive and metacognitive competencies were identified; and ten indicators including teamwork, empathy, curiosity, communication and intercultural competencies, self-confidence, flexibility, individual and social responsibility, participatory decision making, criticism, ethics were also identified as the main behavioral and social competencies of learners. Based on the research findings, the present and future generations need to acquire key competencies to be able to organize their lives in the current turbulent and unstable world. Therefore, in addition to basic competencies, investing in human capital (education) is recommended to develop key cognitive, behavioral, and social competencies.s


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