Mechanisms of the Establishment of an Entrepreneurial University Based on the Resistance Economy

Document Type : Scientific - Research


1 MA of Educational Management, Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran


Objective: Higher education and accordingly universities have an important role in the economic development of the country in the face of sanctions. Since one of the most important goals of establishing an entrepreneurial university in the country has been the materialization of the Resistance Economy, the entrepreneurial university would play a significant role in achieving this goal. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to scrutinize the mechanisms of establishing an entrepreneurial university based on the Resistance Economy.e
Materials and Methods: This research was done qualitatively by using Grounded theory (systematic approach). The target population consisted of experts in the field of higher education who were selected through purposive and non-probability sampling through the Snowball method and 14 people were interviewed according to the theoretical saturation of the findings. Data analysis was performed by using the content analysis method in open, axial, and selective coding of Strauss and Corbin. To check the validity and reliability of the data, two methods of review were applied by the researcher, participants, and expert review.d
Discussion and Conclusion: The results of data analysis included 360 subcomponents, 25 sub-categories and 6 main categories, which were in form of contextual factors (changing attitudes and views on entrepreneurship with the Resistance Economic approach, preparing, implementing and controlling university marketing programs with the Resistance Economic approach, conducting joint university research with industry owners and economic companies, diversifying the university's financial resources), causal factors (human resources, entrepreneurial advocacy measures based on the Resistance Economy), intervening factors (reward and incentive system, flexibility of rules and regulations, financial support and entrepreneurial investment), phenomenon-centeredness (entrepreneurial organizational structure based on the Resistance Economy, entrepreneurial education based on the Resistance Economy, entrepreneurial culture based on the Resistance Economy, entrepreneurial marketing based on the Resistance Economy), strategies (establishing an entrepreneurial culture based on the Resistance Economy, curriculum with entrepreneurial approach based on the Resistance Economy, applying the results of academic research, creating knowledge-based companies, launching university companies), and consequences (achieving the goals of the Resistance economy, responding to the environment, academic independence, work and work culture, stakeholder satisfaction). They explicate the performance mechanisms of entrepreneurial universities based on the Resistance Economy. In line with the findings, in the current situation, to solve economic problems, universities should implement problem-based educational and research projects needed by society and provide appropriate solutions to reduce and eliminate economic problems. In the end, based on the findings, practical suggestions are presented.s


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