سازوکارهای استقرار دانشگاه کارآفرین مبتنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت و برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران ایران

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت و برنامه ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران.

10.52547/mpes.2022.222103.1022

چکیده

هدف: آموزش عالی و به‌تبع آن دانشگاه‌ ها نقش مهمی در توسعه اقتصادی کشور در شرایط تحریم بر عهده ‌دارند. از آنجا که یکی از مهمترین اهداف ایجاد دانشگاه کارآفرین در کشور، تحقق اقتصاد مقاومتی بوده است. بنابراین دانشگاه کارآفرین نقش بسزایی در تحقق آن مهم خواهد داشت. بر این اساس، مقاله حاضر باهدف بررسی سازوکارهای استقرار دانشگاه‌ کارآفرین مبتنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: پژوهش حاضر به لحاظ رویکرد، کیفی و به روش نظریه داده بنیاد (رویکرد سیستماتیک) انجام گرفت. جامعه هدف، صاحب ‌نظران حوزه آموزش عالی بودند که از طریق نمونه‌گیری غیراحتمالی و هدفمند به روش گلوله برفی 14 نفر انتخاب و با توجه به اشباع نظری در یافته‌ها مورد مصاحبه قرار گرفتند. تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل محتوا به شیوه کدگذاری باز، محوری و انتخابی اشتراوس و کوربین انجام شد.
بحث و نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج حاصل از تحلیل داده‌ها، 360 خرده مقوله، 25 مقوله فرعی و 6 مقوله اصلی بود که در قالب عوامل زمینه‌ای (تغییر نگرش و دیدگاه به امر کارآفرینی با رویکرد اقتصاد مقاومتی، تهیه، اجرا و کنترل برنامه‌های بازاریابی دانشگاه با رویکرد اقتصاد مقاومتی، انجام تحقیقات مشترک دانشگاه با صاحبان صنایع و شرکت‌های اقتصادی تنوع بخشی به منابع مالی دانشگاه)، شرایط علّی (منابع انسانی، اقدامات حمایتی کارآفرینانه مبتنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی)، شرایط مداخله‌گر (نظام پاداش و تشویق، انعطلاف ‌پذیری قوانین و مقررات، حمایت مالی و سرمایه‌گذاری کارآفرینانه)، پدیده محوری (ساختار سازمانی کارآفرینانه مبتنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی، آموزش کارآفرینانه مبتنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی، فرهنگ کارآفرینانه مبتنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی، بازاریابی کارآفرینانه مبتنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی)، راهبردها (استقرار فرهنگ کارآفرینی مبنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی، برنامه درسی با رویکرد کارآفرینی مبنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی، کاربردی کردن نتایج تحقیقات دانشگاهی، ایجاد شرکت ‌های دانش بنیان، راه‌اندازی شرکت ‌های دانشگاهی) و پیامدها (تحقق اهداف اقتصاد مقاومتی، پاسخ‌گویی به محیط پیرامونی، استقلال دانشگاهی، فرهنگ کار و کار کردن، رضایت‌مندی ذی‌نفعان)، دانشگاه‌ کارآفرین مبتنی بر اقتصاد مقاومتی ارائه شد. در راستای یافته ها، شایسته است دانشگاه ها در شرایط کنونی، در راستای حل مشکلات اقتصادی به اجرای پروژه‌های آموزشی و تحقیقاتی مسئله محور و مورد نیاز جامعه پرداخته و راه‌کارهای مناسبی برای کاهش و رفع معضلات و مشکلات اقتصادی ارائه نمایند. در پایان بر اساس یافته ها پیشنهادات کاربردی ارائه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Mechanisms of Establishment of an Entrepreneurial University based on Resistance Economy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masumeh Lashgari 1
  • Maryam Sadat Ghoraishi khorasgani 2
  • Hoda Sadat Mohseni 3
1 M A of Educational Management, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: Higher education and accordingly universities have an important role in the economic development of the country in the face of sanctions. Since one of the most important goals of establishing an entrepreneurial university in the country has been materialization of a resistance economy, the entrepreneurial university will play a significant role in achieving this goal. Accordingly, the present study was conducted to scrutinize the mechanisms of establishing an entrepreneurial university based on resistance economy.
Materials and Method: This research was approached qualitatively using grounded theory (systematic approach). The target population consisted of experts in the field of higher education who were selected through purposive and non-probability sampling through snowball method and 14 people were interviewed according to the theoretical saturation of the findings. Data analysis was performed using content analysis method in open, axial and selective coding of Strauss and Corbin. To check the validity and the reliability of the data, two methods of review were applied by the researcher, participants and expert review.
Result and Discussion: The results of data analysis included 360 subcomponents, 25 sub-categories and 6 main categories, which were in form of contextual factors (changing attitudes and views on entrepreneurship with a resilient economy approach, preparing, implementing and controlling university marketing programs with a resilient economics approach, conducting joint university research with industry owners and economic companies, diversifying the university's financial resources), causal factors (human resources, entrepreneurial advocacy measures based on resistance economics), intervening factors (reward and incentive system, flexibility of rules and regulations, financial support and entrepreneurial investment), phenomenon-centeredness (entrepreneurial organizational structure based on resistance economics, entrepreneurial education based on resistance economics, entrepreneurial culture based on resistance economics, entrepreneurial marketing based on resistance economics), strategies (establishing an entrepreneurial culture based on resistance economics, curriculum with entrepreneurial approach based on resistance economics, applying the results of academic research, creating knowledge-based companies, launching university companies), and consequences (achieving the goals of a resistance economy, responding to the environment, academic independence, work and work culture, stakeholder satisfaction). They explicate the performance mechanisms of entrepreneurial university based on resistance economy. In line with the findings, in the current situation, in order to solve economic problems, universities should implement problem-based educational and research projects needed by society and provide appropriate solutions to reduce and eliminate economic problems. In the end, based on the findings, practical suggestions are presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Entrepreneurial University"
  • "Resistance Economics"
  • "Mechanisms"

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