الگوی برنامه درسی مبتنی بر صبر در دوره ابتدایی بر اساس آموزه‌های اسلامی با بهره‌گیری از تکنیک دلفی

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 هیات علمی دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانشیار و هیات علمی دانشگاه پیام نور

3 استاد و هیات علمی دانشگاه پیام نور

4 استادیار و هیات علمی دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

هدف: از آموزه­های بسیار مهم دینی که در پیشگیری و درمان آسیب های روحی روانی دانش­آموزان  نقش بسزایی دارد، صبر و بردباری است. توجه فراوان قرآن به صبر به خاطر ارزش دینی و اخلاقی است. صبر هم یک ضرورت دنیوی است و هم یک ضرورت دینی و سبب رشد و تعالی و تکامل انسان می­شود. در همین راستا، این پژوهش با هدف تدوین الگوی مبتنی بر صبر در دوره ابتدایی بر اساس آموزه­های اسلامی با بهره­گیری از تکنیک دلفی انجام پذیرفته است.
مواد و روش­ها: روش پژوهش ترکیبی، شامل تحلیل اسنادی و تکنیک دلفی می­باشد. در بخش تحلیل اسنادی منابع و آموزه­های اسلامی مرتبط از جمله؛ قرآن و نهج البلاغه و مقالات در دسترس مورد تحلیل و بررسی قرار گرفتند. در بخش تکنیک دلفی جامعه آماری شامل اساتید، دانشجویان دکتری و اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاهها با رشته تحصیلی مرتبط که تعداد 31 نفر (31 نفر اشباع داده­ها) و به صورت هدفمند انتخاب شدند. برای تعیین اعتبار از راهبرد بازبینی مشارکت کنندگان و بازبینی متخصصان استفاده شده است. به این منظور کدگذاری تحلیل در اختیار سه پژوهشگر قرار گرفت که ضریب توافق 89/0 برآورد شد.
بحث و نتیجه ­گیری: یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد که در بخش تحلیل اسنادی 45 کد از قرآن، نهج البلاغه و مقالات و اسناد و مدارک علمی استخراج شد.در ادامه و بعد از تحلیل محتوی اسنادی، کدهای مستخرج شده ادغام و در قالب یک پرسشنامه برای اجرای تکنیک دلفی آماده شد. بر این اساس از 45 شاخص  حاصل از تحلیل محتوی با روش دلفی 42 شاخص کلیدی و در  4 مولفه­ها باقی ماندند. 4 مولفه به ترتیب شامل؛ مولفه هدف 21 شاخص، محتوی 8 شاخص، روش7 شاخص و ارزشیابی 6 شاخص می­باشد و در نهایت الگوی مبتنی بر صبر در دوره ابتدایی بر اساس آموزه­های اسلامی تدوین شد. و در نهایت الگوی مبتنی بر صبر در دوره ابتدایی بر اساس آموزه­های اسلامی تدوین شد. این الگوی زمینه­های رشد و تعالی انسان از یک­سو و مقاومت در برابر مسایل و مشکلات پیش روی را برای دانش­آموزان فراهم می­آورد بنابراین اجرای این مدل را برای دوره ابتدایی توصیه می­نمایم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Patience-Based Curriculum Pattern in Elementary School Based on Islamic Teachings Using Delphi Technique

نویسندگان [English]

  • Golstan Saiiah 1
  • Hamid Maleki 2
  • Mohammadreza Sarmadi 3
  • Mehran Farajollahi 3
  • Taher Mahboubi 4
1 Faculty of Payame Noor University
2 Associate Professor and Faculty of Payame Noor University
3 Professor and faculty of Payame Noor University
4 Assistant Professor and Faculty of Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

Objective:Patience is one of the most important religious teachings that play an important role in the prevention and treatment of students' mental disorders. The Qur'an's great attention to patience is due to its religious and moral value. Patience is both a worldly necessity and a religious necessity that contributes to human growth and development. In this regard, this study aimed to develop a patience-based model in elementary school based on Islamic teachings using Delphi technique.
Materials and methods: The documentary analysis section analyzed related Islamic sources and teachings, including the Qur'an and Nahj al-Balagha, and the available articles. In the Delphi technique section, the statistical population included professors, doctoral students, and faculty members of the related field of study who were selected by purposeful sampling (31 data satellites). Participant review and expert review strategies have been used to validate. For this purpose, the coding of the analysis was provided by three researchers with a coefficient of agreement of 0.89.
Discussion and result: The findings showed that in the document analysis section, 45 codes were extracted from the Qur'an, Nahj al-Allah, and scientific papers and documents. Following the document content analysis, the extracted codes were merged and a questionnaire was prepared to implement the Delphi technique. Based on the Delphi method out of 45 indexes of content analysis, 42 key indices remained in 4 components. The four components consisted of the target component of 21 indicators, the content of 8 indicators, the method of 7 indicators and the evaluation of 6 indicators. This model provides the grounds for human growth and excellence on the one hand and resistance to the issues and problems facing students, so I recommend the implementation of this model for elementary school.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Patience Based Pattern
  • Islamic Teachings and Elementary Period
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