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زيرساخت‌هاي فرهنگي آموزشي در طراحي و اجراي محیط‌های يادگيري الکترونيکي

چکیده
فرهنگ به­طور کلی و ارزش­ها و نرم­های غالب در یک جامعه با ترسیم  مطلوبيت‌ها ، قالب ها و حتي فرايند‌ها نقش مهمي در ايجاد و شکل‌دهي فعاليت‌ها، شيوه‌ها و فناوری‌هاي آموزشي ايفا مي‌کنند.لازم به ذکر است که فناوری ها پديده‌ های خنثی نيستند؛ بلکه پدیده های مختص به فرهنگ است که در بطن زمينه‌های فرهنگی ایجاد می‌شوند. فناوری‌هاي آموزشي برآمده و متأثر از فرهنگ و زمينه‌ای هستند که در آن محيط شکل گرفته‌اند و بالطبع منعکس­کننده خصيصه‌ها، انتظارات و نيازهاي خاص آن جامعه مي‌باشد. بنابراين معرفي و آوردن فناورهايي (مانند CMS, LMS و غيره که با نرم­های متفاوت با نرم­های ما طراحی شده­اند) می‌تواند پاردايم‌ها و جريان‌های فکری غالب را به چالش بکشد. از اين رو بسياری مهم­ترين پيش ‌نياز آموزش الکترونيکی را تغيير پاراديم‌هاي فرهنگي آموزشي مي‌دانند. اين مقاله تلاشی جهت بحث و بررسی مؤلفه‌های فرهنگی - آموزشی در طراحی و کاربست يادگيری الکترونيکی می‌باشد. شناخت صحيح بسترها و مؤ لفه‌های فرهنگی- آموزشی کشور خودمان در کنار شناسایی زیرساخت‌های فرهنگی-آموزشی فناوری‌های عرضه شده می تواند عاملی مهم و کلیدی در طراحی، کاربست و در نهایت بومی کردن این فناوری‌ها می‌باشد.
واژگان کلیدی
فرهنگ، يادگيری الکترونيکی، ابعاد فرهنگی

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