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بررسی تأثیر فرهنگ مدرسه و سرمایه فرهنگی خانواده بر عملکرد تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان
سعید صفایی موحد, بهناز بهادری

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر فرهنگ مدرسه و سرمایه فرهنگی خانواده برعملکرد تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان است. طرح تحقیق مورد استفاده در این پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی و روش تحقیق علی مقایسه‌ای از نوع طرحهای عاملی بود. ابزار مورد استفاده برای گردآوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه و جامعه ی آماری کلیه دانش‌آموزان دختر پایه سوم نظری مدارس متوسطه دولتی و غیردولتی شهرستان شهریار در سال تحصیلی 92-93 بود. جامعه آماری 660 نفر بود که 244 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. به‌منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از روش‌های آماری تحلیل کواریانس و آزمون تعقیبی دانت و جیمز هاول استفاده گردید. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد فرهنگ مدرسه و سرمایه فرهنگی خانواده بر عملکرد تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان تأثیر مستقیم دارند. هر چه فرهنگ مدرسه بهتر ارزیابی شود عملکرد دانش‌آموزان بهتر است و هر چه سرمایه فرهنگی خانواده غنی‌تر باشد عملکرد تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان بهتر می‌شود. هم‌چنین اثرات متقابل متغیرهای فرهنگ مدرسه و سرمایه فرهنگی خانواده نیز بر عملکرد تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان تأثیر دارد.

واژگان کلیدی
فرهنگ، فرهنگ مدرسه، سرمایه فرهنگی خانواده، عملکرد تحصیلی

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