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طراحی الگوی چابکی سازمانی دانشگاه‌های دولتی شهر تهران

چکیده

هدف: تحولات سریع و تغییرات عمده در دنیای امروز عکس‌العمل‌های مناسب‌، سریع‌تر و پردازش اطلاعاتی بیشتری را می‌طلبد. دانشگاه‌ها و مؤسسات آموزش عالی نیز مانند سایر سازمان‌‌ها برای بقا و مقابله با این تغییرات و عدم اطمینان نیاز به چابکی سازمانی، درک پارادایم جدید‌، تغییر در نگرش‌ها، اهداف، شیوه‌های کار و مدیریت سازمان‌ها را دارند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف طراحي الگوي مفهومي چابکي سازماني براي دانشگاه‌هاي دولتي شهر تهران انجام شد.

مواد و روش‌ها: اين تحقيق از نوع پژوهش‌های کیفی بود که با بهره‌گيري از رويکرد مبتنی بر نظریه داده بنياد انجام شد. جامعه آماري رؤسا، معاونین و مدیران دانشگاه‌های دولتی شهر تهران در نظر گرفته شد. روش نمونه‌گیری این پژوهش هدفمند بوده و جهت تکمیل آن و در راستای دستیابی به اشباع نظری، در مجموع با 12 نفر به‌عنوان مشارکت‌کنندگان در پژوهش مصاحبه شد. داده‌ها از مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختاریافته استخراج شد.

نتیجه‌گیری: تحلیل داده‌ها همزمان با مصاحبه‌ها و استفاده از سه مرحله کدگذاری باز، محوری و انتخابی صورت گرفت. جهت اطمینان از اعتبار تحلیل‌های کیفی، از روش بازبینی توسط اعضا و بررسی همکار استفاده شد. در نهايت الگويي مشتمل بر شش عامل شرایط علی (محرک‌هاي چابکي)، پدیده محوری (توانمندسازهاي چابکي)، راهبردها (قابليت‌هاي چابکي)، متغیرهای زمينه‌اي، مداخله‌گر، پیامدهای چابکی و 22 مقوله براي دانشگاه‌هاي دولتي شهر تهران طراحي گردید که مبتنی بر آن ارتباط میان عناصر تشکیل‌دهنده این الگو شناسایی گردید.

واژگان کلیدی
چابکي سازمانی، شرایط علی، پدیده محوری، راهبردها، متغیرهای زمینه‌ای، پیامدها.

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